Homeless Point-in-time Count

 Homeless Solutions

Homeless Solutions Policy Board Chairpersons

Walter A. Hibner, Executive Director, Home Builders Association of Dayton
Charles R. Meadows, Community Leader.

451 W. Third Street, 9th Floor
Dayton, OH 45422-3100
937-225-4695  (Fax): 937-496-7714 

Communities throughout Ohio conducted their annual Homeless Point-in-Time Count on the same night in late January – counting the number of persons residing in emergency or transitional shelters or on the streets on the evening of Tuesday January 22nd. In Montgomery County, a total of 1,041 homeless adults and children were counted in 745 households. The vast majority, 985 people (95%), were staying in one of the community’s emergency shelters or transitional housing programs on the night of January 22nd. Of the 745 households, 18% were families with dependent children; 82% were in adult only households. Despite the single digit temperatures, the Unsheltered Street Teams that canvassed the community in the early morning hours identified 56 adults, including three veterans, who were living on the street or in abandoned buildings on the evening of January 22nd. On the night of the 2013 PIT count, there were 131 homeless veterans, 17% of the homeless adults, including three who were living on the street.

 Homeless Population   Sheltered    Unsheltered   Total 
 Emergency Transitional   Safe Haven
Families  64  69    0  133
Persons in Families  209  213    0  422
Unaccompanied Adults  403  136  20  56  615
Unaccompanied Minors  4  0  0  0  4
 Total Persons  616  349  20  56  1,041


The Point-in-Time Count does not include people who were living doubled up with family or friends or those who cycle in and out of the emergency shelters but who spent the night of January 22nd with a friend or in the hospital, jail, or a treatment facility.

Point-in-Time Count Comparison – Emergency Shelter and Unsheltered Counts
HUD asks for reports of households in emergency shelters and in transitional housing programs for the PIT count. Locally, the focus is on households who are living in emergency shelter or on the street. Households in transitional housing are “on their way” to permanent housing, and many are already living in scattered sited units in the community where they will remain upon program exit.

Since work began on the Homeless Solutions Plan, the number of families with children in emergency shelter at a point-in-time declined 28%, from 89 in 2005 to 64 in 2013. During the same time period, the number of adult only households in emergency shelter increased 49%. A closer look shows some differences. The number of single adults spiked between 2005 and 2007 (there was not a PIT count in 2006) when the St. Vincent overnight shelter moved from its smaller location on 5th street to the larger facility on Apple Street and again in 2010 following the opening of the Gettysburg Gateway for Men. Since 2010, the number of single adults sheltered at a point-in-time has remained fairly stable. The number of homeless families at a point-in-time has fluctuated over time, with a 45% increase from 2012 to 2013, mirroring growing numbers of homeless families nationally. (See chart below.)

PIT Households in Emergency Shelter or Street 2005-2013

There have been several changes to the inventory and overall capacity of the Continuum’s shelter and transitional housing programs since 2005, which impacts the Point-in-Time count numbers over time.

  • There was a reduction in the number of family shelter units in the community. In 2009, the Salvation Army Women & Children shelter closed and the Red Cross Family Living Program reduced the number of shelter unit from 45 to 15.
  • The St. Vincent emergency shelter moved into a larger facility in 2005, and, in a collaboration with Homefull, changed to a 24-hour shelter in 2007. The Gettysburg Gateway Shelter for Men opened in late 2009, which increased the number of shelter beds for single men and single women (St. Vincent Gateway for Women and Families).
  • Daybreak shelter for runaway and homeless youth began sheltering 18 year olds in addition to unaccompanied minors.
  • There was increased capacity in the Continuum’s transitional housing inventory. The following programs opened during this time period: Daybreak Opportunity House, Homefull VA Per Diem, Homefull CoC Rapid Rehousing Demo, Holt Street HCHV Per Diem, Linda Vista, and Volunteers of America VA Per Diem.