Request email notification when page changes E-Notify

2017 Homeless Point-in-Time Count for Dayton & Montgomery County

 Emergency Shelter and Unsheltered

 Each year, on the fourth Tuesday in January, communities throughout Ohio conduct a one-night count of homeless persons.  The 2017 Point-in-Time (PIT) Count date was January 24th.  In Montgomery County, data from the Homeless Management Information System (HMIS) and paper surveys from organizations not participating in the HMIS were used to count persons residing in emergency shelters.  A street count of homeless individuals who slept unsheltered or in places not meant for human habitation (e.g., under bridges, at the bus station, in the woods, or in an abandoned building) took place early the following morning, January 25th.  Teams of volunteers canvassed known locations looking for people who slept outdoors or in abandoned buildings.  Later in the day on January 25th, volunteers surveyed at area meal and service sites. In 2017, there were volunteers from PATH (MVHO), ADAMHS, Daybreak, Dayton Police Department, Homefull, Montgomery County Homeless Solutions, the VA Medical Center, and the Volunteers of America.

In Montgomery County, a total of 500 homeless persons in 382 households were counted.  The vast majority of people, 89%, were staying in one of the community’s emergency shelters on the night of January 24th.  Of the 382 households, 37 (10%) were families with children and 341 (89%) were in adult only households; there were 4 (1%) unaccompanied minors staying in shelter.

Homeless Population




Adults in Families w Children




Minors in Families w Children




Adults Only




Minors Only




Total Persons





 Point-in-Time Count Comparison – 2007 to 2017

The focus during the PIT count is on households who are living in emergency shelter or on the street.  Since 2007, the first implementation year for the Homeless Solutions Plan, there has been a decrease of 46% in the number of homeless families with children in shelter during the PIT count.  During the same period, the number of adult only households in emergency shelter decreased 12%.  The changes in numbers of both families with children and adult only households can be explained in part by changes to the homeless assistance system.  The number of adult households spiked between 2005 and 2007 (there was not a PIT count in 2006) when the St. Vincent overnight shelter moved from its smaller location on 5th street to the larger facility on Apple Street and again in 2010 following the opening of the Gettysburg Gateway for Men.  Since 2010, the number of adult only households sheltered at a point-in-time has remained fairly stable, until this year, when the number of adult only households dropped to pre-2010 levels.  There have also been significant changes in the family shelter system since 2005 as some family shelters closed and were replaced with rapid rehousing resources.  


Ending homelessness for veterans is a local and national priority. Substantial federal resources have been made available through the U.S. Department of Veteran Affairs to help achieve this goal.  Locally, the Dayton VA Medical Center and Homeless Solutions Policy Board committed to working together and were able to confirm in November 2016 that the Dayton-Kettering-Montgomery County Continuum of Care (CoC) had effectively ended Veteran Homelessness.  An end to Veteran homelessness does not mean that no Veteran will ever experience a housing crisis again. Changing economic realities, the unpredictability of life and or unsafe or unwelcoming family environments may create situations where Veterans experience or are at-risk of homelessness. What it does mean is that the CoC has in place a systemic response that ensures Veteran homelessness is prevented whenever possible or is otherwise a rare, brief, and non-recurring experience.

In Montgomery County, 60 veterans were residing in emergency shelter, transitional housing or living unsheltered during the 2017 PIT Count.  This is a 57% decrease from the 141 homeless veterans identified during the 2010 PIT Count.  The decrease is the result of the intensive effort and priority made to house homeless veterans by the CoC and the VA and also a change by HUD which removed the 25 beds at the VA Domiciliary starting with the 2016 PIT Count.  The majority of the 60 veterans (53%) were residing in a VA-funded transitional housing program.  26 veterans were living in an emergency shelter; 2 veterans were unsheltered.

 Chronic Homelessness

A major focus of the Homeless Solutions 10-Year Plan is the elimination of chronic homelessness – those homeless persons with a serious disability who either stay in shelter or on the streets for more than a year at a time or who repeatedly cycle in and out of homelessness over time.  Since 2007, the number of chronically homeless individuals, a measured during the PIT Count, has decreased 75% from a high of 120 in 2007 to 30 in 2017.